Comparison Between Egyptian and Mesopotamian Religions and Beliefs!

The religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptians were the dominating influence in the development of their culture. The Egyptian faith was based on a collection of ancient myths, nature worship, and innumerable deities. Sumerian lives were spent serving the gods in the form of man-made statues. There was no organized set of gods; each city-state had its own patrons, temples, and priest-kings. The Sumerians were probably the first to write down their beliefs, which were the inspiration for much of later Mesopotamian mythology, religion, and astrology. Sumerians believed that the universe consisted of a flat disk enclosed by a tin dome. While the Mesopotamian’s didn’t have anything quit to scale with the pyramids, they did use and build ziggurats for religious purposes.

Both civilizations were centered on religion. Egypt believed in many gods. The gods Mesopotamia believed in tended to be absolute rulers to whom the people owed total devotion. In both civilizations religious leaders were given very high status and held in high regard. Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt are two religions that believed in monotheism. Both Egypt and Mesopotamia were polytheistic, that is, they believed their worlds were ruled by more than one god. Both civilizations believed that the gods created them. Both cultures also believed that they themselves were created for the purpose of serving their gods. Both worshipers took their names from the numerous gods and the cults that honored the deities, and priests in both religions were no special clothes, and made daily offering in the temples and held annual festivals open to public.

Mesopotamian religion saw humans as the servants of the gods, who had to be appeased for protection. Egyptians believed that the gods created all humans but were also controlled by the principle of maat, or order. Unlike followers of Mesopotamian religion, the Egyptians had a strong belief in the afterlife, which they expressed by building elaborate tombs such as the pyramids. The Sumerian afterlife involved a descent into a gloomy netherworld to spend eternity in a wretched existence as a Gidim (ghost). Egyptians believed that their gods had created Egypt as a sort of refuge of good and order in a world filled with chaos and disorder. The major god for much of Mesopotamia was the sky god Enlil; later th e worship of Enlil was replaced by the worship of the Babylonian god Marduk. For Egyptians, Amen-Ra was the most powerful deity, chief of the pantheon. Statues of winged bulls were a protective symbol related to the god Sin Mesopotamia, while the ankh, a kind of cross with a loop at the top, was a prominent representation of life in ancient Egypt. The Enuma Elish tells the Mesopotamian story of creation and explains how Marduk became the chief of the gods. The Egyptian Book of the Dead was a guide for the dead, setting out magic spells and charms to be used to pass judgment in the afterlife. Ancient Nippur was the site of the chief temple to Enlil, while Babylon was the location of Marduk’s sanctuary. Thebes and the temple complex of Karnak were home to the worship of Amen- Ra. In the modern world the remains of these early religions can be seen in Egypt’s pyramids, tombs for the pharaohs, and in Mesopotamia’s ziggurats, temples to the gods. The New Year’s Festival was a major event in Mesopotamian religion, while Egypt’s most important festival was Opet. Because Egypt was the “gift of the Nile” and generally prosperous and harmonious, Egyptian gods tended to reflect a positive religion with an emphasis on a positive afterlife. In contrast, Mesopotamian religion was bleak and gloomy. Ancient Mesopotamian prayers demonstrate the lack of relationships with gods and goddesses who viewed humans with suspicion and frequently sent calamities to remind everyone of their humanity. Such was the message found in the Gilgamesh Epic.

Although the religions of both civilizations shared many similarities, the differences were vast. The most notable ones are the importance and belief of afterlife and the relationship between Gods. Because of these differences, we believe, the civilizations were different because in early times, civilizations revolved around their beliefs and values but unfortunately, there was an end to these great civilizations.

A Recipe For Outsourcing Your Software Development

Outsourcing your software development can save you time and money if you know what you need. Too often US companies attempted to outsource without a good understanding of what their software should do, and this is the biggest cause of outsourcing failure. It is unreasonable to expect your outsourcing team to have a menu of software, pre-prepared, so you can just select the items you want.

Ever go to a restaurant with a picky eater? They tell the waiter in excruciating detail how they want their food prepared. And heaven forbid that the food arrives different from what was requested! Back to the kitchen it goes to be "fixed" to make the picky eater happy.

Sometimes US companies hire an outsourced partner as if they were going to a restaurant. They select the cuisine based on the flavor of the technology they require. Chinese .NET or Indian Java? How about some Russian C ++? Unfortunately there is rarely a menu for the exact items you might like to order from an outsourced team.

Are you approaching outsourcing your software like you are walking into a restaurant? Are you expecting the outsourcing team to advise you, like an attentive waiter, on the way your software should look, be prepared and presented to your customers?

Instead, bring your own recipe when you start work with an outsourcing team. Unlike your dining experiences, you can not ask for the daily special. You have to provide a specific description of what you would like to have, and how it should be prepared. Without such a recipe, your outsourced software development efforts can be starved for success.

Poorly specified software is often the result when "subject matter experts" are involved. Subject matter experts, or SMEs, know a lot about a particular subject, like IC design, business process workflow, inventory management, etc., but very little about designing software. SMEs can struggle to get their ideas encoded in the software. They need to work with someone that knows the best way to design and develop software.

Sometimes, there is a fear of getting bogged down in the details. Since some software executives are great with people, they feel much more comfortable hiring a person to handle the details. They know how to manage a person here, better than they can manage an offshore team of programmers in a remote offshore location.

One Accelerance client is in this situation. The CEO wants to outsource the development of a new software product. But there is no specification. In this case Accelerance is acting as a virtual CTO, responsible for the design, and development of the client's software.

The client is essentially saying, "Design the software for me, and I'll tell you if it matches what I am thinking." This can work because the cost of outsourcing is so low that rework and multiple design iterations are affordable.

This type of arrangement only works when paying on a Time and Materials basis. There is no way to offer fixed pricing because the end product is not defined.

Of course, not having a specification may not stop you from asking for a fixed price bid! In this case, you can outsource the creation of a specification that defines your software for a fixed price. Then the resulting complete design specification is used to create a second fixed price bid for writing your software.

Another factor comes into play when you pay a fixed price amount for a software design specification. You usually have to pay at least half up front. This is to protect the outsourcing company from delivering a specification for creating the software and then not getting paid.

Because software design often occurs at the beginning of a relationship, both parties seek to minimize their risk. You minimize your risk by selecting an outsourcing team with a proven track record and great references. The outsourcing team reduces their risk by getting partial (sometimes full) payment before starting.

There are multiple deliverables that should be produced during the design phase of creating your software, whether you do it yourself, or outsource the design:

* Marketing Requirements

* Storyboard Demo

* Functional Specification

* Multiple Release Milestone Schedule

* Detailed Task Schedule for First Release

* Detailed Design Specification (optional)

Unfortunately, software development has not progressed to the point where ready-made modules are available to order and combined to create your software. There is not yet a menu of choices available to anyone that is hungry for new software. Instead, you must provide your own recipe for what you need. The good news is low cost outsourced software design and development resources are now available to create your custom software to meet your exact specifications.

Brand Marketing Online – Creating Your Loyal Customer Base The Easy Way

Brand marketing online is easier than your think these days. The average business owner has no clue about the simple tools that you will read about here. Many of your competition are spending thousands of dollars in advertising and not making the impact they desire. You can stand out from the crowd with these easy and cheap tools of the marketing business. There are a lot of really good ways to brand yourself, but here are what we feel are three of the best performers.

Create a massive and loyal customer base with these simple and cheap marketing tools.

1) Blog Site - The very best tool for brand marketing online is a common blog site. You will be amazed how simple it is to set one up and get your information on it. This marketing platform can be adjusted by just about anyone who can use a word processor. The blog site will use small programs that are called plug-in to automate a lot of the customization. These work much like the apps on our phones. Each does a different thing and there are thousands of them out there. You can also host all kinds of files, posts, and media on them as well. You can set up a membership section to allow for additional information or savings to go to your loyal customers. Blogs are very powerful and inexpensive to run.

2) Flip Style Camera - A camera is an easy thing to get these days. There are a multitude of styles and brands out on the market. If you are brand marketing online, you really do not need to spend a lot of money on these at all. $ 150 would be the most, but I just got a nice one for $ 99. Shop round. You really want one that takes decent stills and HD is always preferred for your marketing videos. Now what will you us this for? In marketing there is a hierarchy of impacts from written, still pictures, audio, video, and then a combination of all of them? You will want to use your new toy, I mean tool, to capture and share all of those. Pictures and video about your business and your life in general will allow your customers to get the sense that they know you. That is very powerful in marketing. People do not buy from companies; they buy from people they trust. Get a camera and start shooting everything!

3) Facebook Page - This is where your brand marketing online will really start to take off. Use the other two tools in conjunction with this one and you will be on top of the industry in no time. Now we are not talking about a Facebook account profile page. We mean a page or what they used to call a fan page. This will let you post and have more than 5000 users that like it. The key factor is the likes and you can use your camera to add valuable information about your industry here. Just remember that you are never to market or try to sell anything on this page. This is just to inform. You can sell from your blog site and you can move people between the two seasons freely.

When you are brand marketing online, you are selling yourself at the same time as you are mentioning your business. It is important to become a person in the eyes of your customers. As they get to know you, they will begin to trust you and your judgment. That is important to any sales relationship. So no matter what it is you are trying to sell these three tools, if used properly, will make all the difference to your success. The largest factor to consider now is the education on how to best use these tools. Finding a solid marketing and mentoring group will make it easier to accomplish your marketing goals.

Shoe Storage – The Shoe Aficionado’s Friend

You may not be in Imelda Marcos's league (in the 1980's, the widow of former Philippine president Fernando Marco was infamous for, among other things, her collection of more than 3,000 shoes), but you're no slouch in the shoe department. You have shoes for everyday wear, for your dancing nights on the town, and for each of your athletic pursuits. Oh, and you just found a great shoe sale, so you'll be adding to your already more-than-adequate shoe supply. Maybe it's time to think about shoe storage.

Stacking your shoes on the closet floor or lining them up under your bed might work, but if you want to be able to find just the right shoe at a moment's notice, a more organized form of shoe storage can do the trick.

With so many types and style of shoe organizers on the market, the only trouble you will have with shoe storage is deciding which one to choose.

Here are a few of your options:

If you want to keep your shoes out where you and others can admire them, consider a standing, rotating, shoe tree to display your collection. You'll find spinning shoe trees in attractive finishes like metallic bronze, and the best come with racks that can be adjusted vertically. Look for a rack with a weighted bottom to keep the stand from tipping over.

If you want the ultimate protection for your shoes, take a look at canvas shoe drawers, where you can hide your shoes away from dust and potential scuffing. You can find shoe drawers either as free-standing or hanging units. With shoe drawers, you gain the added flexibility of being able to store other items, like scarves, socks, or belts.

If saving space is an issue, how about an over-the-door shoe rack? Over-the-door shoe racks come in several styles, everything from a bamboo rack for your flip-flops and sandals to racks with fashionable wood frames and chrome inserts.

With the proper shoe storage , you'll always have room for that perfect new pair!